30 August 2019, RGS-IBG Annual Internation Conference 2019, London, session “Digital democracy: Geographies of trouble and geographies of hope”
Presentation of the paper: Digital Social Participation transforming urban governance. A scenario building exercise in Ghent
The paper explores how the adoption of digital social participation processes (can) impact on the traditional process of urban governance. Specifically, this interrogates the objectives, potentiatlities and consequences of the introduction of technology-mediated participatory processes in the city of Ghent, Belgium, by providing some alternative scenarios for future developments. It has been claimed that DSP processes can enable ordinary citizens to take part in knowledge-production and socio-political decision-making by also encouraging the expansion of public debate and questioning the socio-political underpinning of traditional governance processes, and the formation of political agenda. Crowdsourcing-kind processes (including participation platforms, citizens’ science, participatory sensing, social mapping, e-pulling and similar) have been demonstrated via pioneering experiments to contribute at fostering far-flung genius of social actors in shaping the city organisation and functioning, and at fuelling the emergence of a new governance model characterised by distributed technological agency.
On the base of the results of the EU MSCA project “CROWD_USG” we investigate how crowdsourcing affects traditional urban governance processes by prefiguring future governance scenarios that are likely to occur in consequence of the introduction of digital participation technologies in the city of Ghent. Building upon the critical perspective on “internet for society” studies, we evaluate how and whether digital social participation are actually transforming urban governance processes; what opportunities, problems and consequences it brings about; what actors are empowered or excluded; what kind of issues are prioritized and what tools and processes for addressing them are privileged; and in general what are the foreseeable social, environmental or economic consequences.
12the August 2019
Chiara Certomà is now Project Partner at Forum Disuguaglianza Diversità
5th August 2019, 1 pm, F Block, Computer Science Seminar Room, Waikato University, Hamilton, New Zealand
Exploring Digital Social Participation for Urban Governance
The seminar presents the recently concluded Marie Skłodowska-Curie project titled Crowdsourcing Urban Sustainability Governance. This is intended to collectively discuss the potentialities and risks of digital participation in the city planning and management.
Digital social participation (DSP) processes are currently widely experimented in many European cities and promise to have a disruptive effect on the tokenistic forms of citizens participation and the traditional governance models. Nevertheless, critical scholars and internet activists recently raised doubts about the actual possibilities, intrinsic limits and external obstacles of technological citizenry and the use of DSP in urban planning, governance and management. The seminar proposes the results of a strategic qualitative scenario building analysis in the city of Ghent, Belgium. This aims at investigating the potential effects of the digital turn on participatory governance; and to explore how different combinations of key-drivers identified by local informants are able to disclose potentialities, pitfalls and consequences of DSP. The resulting scenarios offer a privileged standpoint and a situated perspective for an expert discussion on the currently un-resolved issues brought about by DSP. These include the broadening and transformation of participation meaning and practices; the capability and possibility to govern digital social innovation and participation in a new public-private governance regime; the shift of power geometries and the empowerment mechanisms that can (or cannot) turn the hyperconnected city of futurist technology-optimist narrative into a City of People.
25th June, Marzyciele i Rzemieślnicy, Bracka 25, Warsaw
14th June 2019, Cartiera Latina, Parco Regionale dell’Appia Antica, Rome, dalle 16.30 alle 19.00
Coltivare la città. Spazio pubblico, cittadinanza attiva e nuove ecologie urbane
Nelle città le diseguaglianze, l’impoverimento, la marginalizzazione, la disgregazione e l’esclusione generano ingiustizia sociale e spaziale, ma anche opportunità di sperimentare modelli di aggregazione e riconoscimento nello spazio pubblico e gestione collettiva dei beni comuni. Il denominatore comune di queste nuove pratiche di innovazione sociale, ampiamente documentate ormai in tutta Europa, è dato dall’informalità dei processi che li supportano, guidata, tuttavia, da una visione e una progettualità condivisa. Il giardinaggio urbano rappresenta in maniera esemplare tali attività. Da semplice pratica “green” il giardinaggio urbano assume una dimensione politica perché capace di esprimere forme di contrasto e resistenza all’ingiustizia sociale diffusa e all’impoverimento dell’ambiente. Pur presentandosi come azione pratica e popolare è in grado di creare comunità, stimolare la coesione sociale, sperimentare modelli innovativi di produzione e gestione dello spazio pubblico, oltre a reti alternative di produzione e commercio alimentare, rafforzare gli ecosistemi urbani incrementando la biodiversità urbana e contrastando il cambiamento climatico. Vi proponiamo di ragionare insieme su questi temi a partire da alcune domande che proporremo a base della discussione e prendendo spunto da una breve presentazione, a cura di Chiara Certomà, del libro “Urban gardening and the struggle for social and spatial justice” curato dalla stessa Chiara Certomà con Susan Noori e Martin Sondermann ed edito dalla Manchester University Press.
L’informalità del tema giardinaggio urbano e la volontà di dare spazio a tanti punti di vista ci hanno indotto a trovare una formula di confronto dove i partecipanti saranno organizzati su più tavoli e durante un aperitivo si confronteranno sui temi proposti alla discussione. Il fine è provocare una vivace conversazione creativa in un clima informale per rispondere in modo collettivo alle domande che saranno poste.
Gli invitati al confronto sono: Fabio Ciconte (Presidente Terra Onlus), Vittorio Cogliati (Legambiente), Filippo Celata (Università La Sapienza Facoltà di Economica), Andrea Ferraretto (Economista ambientale/Blogger), Francesca De Dominicis (Eutorto/Eu’s il buono fatto bene), Daniela De Leo, (La Sapienza, Urbanistica), Marta Del Giudice (Insieme per l’Aniene), Sabina De Luca (ForumD&D), Alberto Fiorillo (Società delle azioni, Roma), Andreas Kipar (Paesaggista, Land), Marco Frey (SSSP/Cittadinanzattiva), Roberta Gemmiti (Università La Sapienza, Geografa), Francesca Limana (Fondazione Olivetti), Federico Martellozzo (Università di Firenze), Sonia Massari (GustoLab), Alberto Modesti (Orti Tre Fontane, Roma), Luca Montuori (Assessore all’Urbanistica Comune di Roma), Antonella Passani (T6Ecosystems), Francesca Romani (Eataly), Alma Rossi (Parco dell’Appia Antica), Walter Tocci (senatore e direttore del CRS), Saverio Verini (curatore) e Giovanni Visone (Intersos).
5th June 2019, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Rome
Presentation of the paper Crowdsourcing as social innovation for urban sustainability governance in Europe
29th May 2019, 2 pm – 4 pm, UGent Urban Academy / Green Hub, Sint-Pietersnieuwstraat 31 (plinth UFO building, next to Arts Center Vooruit)
“Exploring Digital Social Participation for urban governance in Ghent” – CROWD_USG Final Seminar – UGent Urban Academy Session
The session is the final event of the Marie Skłodowska-Curie project Crowdsourcing Urban Sustainability Governance and will be introduced by a brief presentation on the project aims, activities and results. The focus of the session is to discuss with you collectively or in two small groups, together with the positive outcomes, also the pitfalls and threats of digital participation in the planning and managing of the city. To this end we will introduce the projects results in the form of provisional conclusions and seek for your help to further explore both the bright and the dark side of digital social participation. We also want to collect and formulate new research questions on digital participation that Master students can discuss within the Urban Academy. Dowload here the flyer_of CROWD_USG final seminar
Call for abstracts
Special issue title: The City of Digital Social Innovators
Target journal: Urban Planning (https://www.cogitatiopress.com/urbanplanning/)
Editors: Chiara Certoma’ (Ghent University), Antonella Passani (T6-Ecosystems) and Mark Dyer (University of Waikato)
Deadline for Abstracts: 30 June 2019
Notification of acceptance: 30 August 2019
Submission of special issue proposal: 15 September 2019
Digital Social Innovation (DSI) is defined as “a type of social and collaborative innovation in which innovators, users and communities collaborate using digital technologies to co-create knowledge and solutions for a wide range of social needs and at a scale and speed that was unimaginable before the rise of the Internet” (Bria et al. 2015). Under this definition we also encompass the recent alternative labels of “Connected Technology for Social Good”, “Social Tech” or “Tech4 (social) Good”.
Living-lab and fab-labs organizers, digital social entrepreneurs, p2p sharers and digital commoners, hackers, social mappers, co-workers, open-access/source/data managers, open software (co)creators, DIY and temporary-user activists, citizen scientists, crowdsourcers and crowdfunders, etc. advance new ways of organizing and equipping the city for enhancing many of the essentials of citizens’ life (education and job, participation and democracy, science and technology, economy and business, hosing, design and public services) (Caulier-Grice et al., 2012). This disruptive form of collective agency infiltrate and modify social organizations and (government, research and business) institutions (Chesbrough, 2003; Noubel, 2004); and gives raise to inedited social, economic and political configurations that affect the traditional forms and function(ing) of urban planning and governance (Certomà et al.2015).
Stepping beyond the dichotomy between the acritical technology-optimism of the smart innovation perspective (Aitamurto, 2012; Prahalad and Ramaswamy 2004) and the radical criticism advanced by the “wisdom of the crowd” discontents (Lanier, 2006; Herzog and Hartwig, 2008), we aim to elaborate a critical appreciation of (1) how traditional urban planning is challenged by the agency of digital social innovators; and/or (2) what social, political, environment and economic benefits (if any) DSI is bringing to traditional urban governance processes (Passani et al. 2015).
Particularly, we invite theoretical analysis and case-based contributes from scholars and practitioners to explore how digital social innovators are making or not making or could make) cities “more effective, efficient, sustainable, or just” than before (Deiglemeier and Miller, 2008).
If interested please send a 250 words abstract with title and 5 keywords to:
Aitamurto T. (2012) Crowdsourcing for Democracy: A New Era in Policy-Making, Committee for the Future | 1/2012s. Available at : https://cddrl.fsi.stanford.edu/publications/crowdsourcing_for_democracy_new_era_in_policymaking
Bria, F. et al. (2015), Growing a Digital Social Innovation Ecosystem for Europe – DSI Final report for European Commission, NESTA-European Union. Available at: 50-nesta-dsireport-growing_a_digital_social_innovation_ecosystem_for_europe.pdf
Caulier-Grice, J. et al. (2012) Social Innovation Practices and Trends. A deliverable of the project: “The theoretical, empirical and policy foundations for building social innovation in Europe” (TEPSIE), European Commission.
C.Certomà, F. Rizzi and F. Corsini (2015) “Crowdsourcing urban sustainability. Data, people and technologies in participatory governance”, Futures, 74 (IF 2.25)
Chesbrough H. (2003) Open Innovation, Boston, MA: HBS Press.
Deiglmeier, P.J.A., Miller, D.T. (2008) Rediscovering social innovation, Stanford Social Innovation Review, Fall 2008, Leland Stanford Jr. University
Lanier J. (2006) Digital Maoism: The Hazards of the New Online Collectivism Available at: https://www.edge.org/conversation/jaron_lanier-digital-maoism-the-hazards-of-the-new-online-collectivism
Noubel, J.-F. (2004). Collective intelligence, the invisible revolution. Available at: http://www.thetransitioner.org/Collective_Intelligence_Invisible_Revolution_JFNoubel.pdf
Passani, A. et al. (2015) Collective Awareness Platform for Sustainability and Social Innovation (CAPS). Understanding them and Analysing their Impacts, in Lect.Notes Information Syst., Organisation, Vol. 13
Prahalad C.K., Ramaswamy V. (2004) “Co-Creation Experiences: The next practice in value creation”. Journal of Interactive Marketing, 18 (3) 5-14.
Please note that Urban Planning is an OpenAccess journal. There are no submission fee but, if accepted the journal has an article publication fee to cover its costs and guarantee that the article can be accessed free of charge by any reader, anywhere in the world, regardless of affiliation. We defend that authors should not have to personally pay this fee and advise them to check with their institutions if funds are available to cover open access publication fees. Authors affiliated with universities that joined Cogitatio’s Membership Program do not incur these fees (list of institutional members here: www.cogitatiopress.com/urbanplanning/pages/view/institutionalmembers). Institutions can also join Cogitatio’s Membership Program upon your request at a very affordable rate and enable all affiliated authors to publish without incurring any fees. Authors who demonstrate financial need and cannot afford the article processing charge can apply for a waiver during the article submission procedure, but only a limited number of waived submissions per issue can be accepted. Further info here: https://www.cogitatiopress.com/urbanplanning/about/editorialPolicies#publicationFees
16.05.2016 NUI Galway University,Cube and Stage venue in Aras na MacLeinn, from 1.45 to 3.15 and 3.45 to 5.15
Presentation “Co-creating, commoning, sharing. Digital participation for urban sustainability governance in Gent”, session “Beyond the Ivory Tower: Bringing researchers and activists together in addressing complex sustainability challenges”,EUGEO2019
07.05.2019 Università degli Studi di Milano, Aula Seminari.
12.04.2019 Futuro coalition, via Garibaldi 77, Livorno, 18.00
13.03.2019 Lecture on Environmental Human Rights and Conflicts in MASTER IN HUMAN RIGHTS AND CONFLICT MANAGEMENT – XVII EDITION, Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa
Dag van de Wetenshap , Vlandereen, Wooow Science Festival, 25th November 2018, 14:00 -15:00 u. – MIAT, zaal 4.6 Palladium
A Pecha Kucha is a presentation of 20×20 seconds. Short and to the point! In this 6’40” presentation Chiara Certomà will tell you everything about a citizen-lead project in Ghent. And… there are more English-spoken Pecha Kucha presentations in this series. You are invited to discover them all!
Co-creating, commoning, sharing: a new imaginary of participatory city is rising. Citizen-lead innovative experiences – from consultation to engagement – are impacting city planning, urban metabolism and the governance of socio-environmental sustainability. Interactive web and digital participation processes promise to democratize the mode of interaction between administrations, civil society, research and private actors. Is this happening in Gent? Is the new (digitally-enabled) participatory knowledge and policy-making model transforming the governance of Gent?
5th Nov 2018, School of International Studies, Trento University
Seminar on ““Diversified Agency, Contested Empowerment and Socio-environmental Conflicts. An exploration of citizen participation in global governance”
21th Sept 2018, Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa
Presentation on “Pratiche di co-innovazione sociale nelle città Europee” [Co-innovation practices in European cities] during the seminar titled “Le periferie, un luogo possibile di aggregazione sociale”.
(in italian) È possibile che una delle periferie più degradate del Paese (Scampia), possa diventare un luogo di fioritura di innovazione sociale, un contesto nel quale il principio di sussidiarietà può esprimersi con maggiore libertà e ricchezza?È il tema al centro del seminari o, a partire dal volume di padre Fabrizio Valletti, “Un gesuita a Scampia“, Edizioni Dehoniane Bologna, 2017.”Si tratta di un’esperienza che merita di essere conosciuta e valorizzata”, dice Emanuele Rossi, ordinario di diritto costituzionale alla Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna e promotore dell’iniziativa. “Là dove, apparentemente, il livello di degrado ambientale, disagio sociale, delinquenza minorile sono più presenti ed incisivi, ci si attenderebbe – continua Emanuele Rossi – la ‘fuga’ degli operatori sociali, intimoriti dalla gravità della situazione. Invece, una volta superate alcune criticità iniziali, quelle difficoltà divengono un fattore attrattivo di risorse intellettuali e materiali: con quali risultati? con quale durata? Come studiosi della sussidiarietà dobbiamo profondamente interrogarci su quali siano, oggi, le vere periferie dell’innovazione sociale: si potrebbe scoprire, infatti, che i territori più ricchi o sicuri sono, per paradosso, quelli più poveri di reti sociali e di spinte all’innovazione”. Partecipano Fabrizio Valletti sj, autore del volume “Un gesuita a Scampia”; Rita Cutini, docente nell’Università Dante Alighieri di Reggio Calabria e già assessore alle politiche sociali del Comune di Roma; Susanna Marietti, coordinatrice dell’associazione Antigone e dell’Osservatorio sulle carceri minorili. Introduce e modera Nicola Graziani, giornalista AGI e decano dei vaticanisti italiani. Intervengono gli allievi Martina Daniele e Alesssndro Nardo: “Un’interpretazione spaziale della diseguaglianza. RESTART Scampia: ripensare lo spazio per creare innovazione sociale”, e Chiara Certomà, Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions Researcher Centre for Sustainable Development, Dep. Political Science, Ghent University, Affiliate Researcher, Institute of Management, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna: “Pratiche di co-innovazione sociale nelle città Europee”.
29th Aug 2018, RGS- IBG Annual International Conference 2018, Cardiff University
Presentation “Much ado about nothing? A critical investigation of crowdsourcing for urban governance in Europe” in the session Publics In-formation: Re-thinking smart cities, people, and processes organised by Caspar Menkman and Aoife Delaney
Recently academics have taken notice of the limited attention paid to the role of publics in corporate and critical smart city discourses. Despite initial promises of a technologically empowered or ‘smart’ citizenry, the focus has principally been with the powerful, rational, and universal impacts of smart technologies. While these early insights have proven crucial in framing smart cities, their disregard for scholarly work that insists on technological and social complexity means they need to be amended. Therefore, for this session we invite contributions that explore the emergence of publics as (social) interfaces, associations, and borders are reconstituted with the help of smart solutions.
8th July 2018, U4Summer School “Creating a Climate for Change” , University of Groningen
June 28th, 18pm, Feltrinelli bookshop, Pisa
June 6th 2018, 9am-18am, Piccola Promoteca Hall, Campidoglio, Rome
May, 18th, 2018, 10am -4pm, Legambiente Nazionale, via Salaria 403
National Workshop “Disuguaglianze ambientali – disuguaglianze sociali”, Legambiente Scientific Committee
(in italian) Qual è il rapporto tra disuguaglianze ambientali e disuguaglianze sociali? Di disuguaglianze ambientali se ne è parlato abbastanza a proposito di giustizia climatica e di ecoprofughi, meno quando si è trattato di leggere gli effetti delle emergenze ambientali sui territori del mondo industrializzato, dove si è preferito parlare di “differenze territoriali”. Quello su cui oggi lamentiamo una mancanza di elaborazione concettuale e, quindi, di indicatori quantitativi, è l’insieme di relazioni tra i due fenomeni. Ovvero, quanto le disuguaglianze ambientali (in termini di inquinamento, di libertà di movimento, di accesso alla bellezza, ecc. ecc.) pesano di più sulle fasce più fragili e più povere della popolazione (perché economicamente e culturalmente meno in grado di difendersi, ad es., dagli effetti sanitari nocivi dell’inquinamento), e quanto, all’inverso, le disuguaglianze sociali creano o accentuano problemi ambientali (degrado urbano, trattamento dei rifiuti, …).
21 March 2018, Luleå University of Technology, Conference Room A117 @ Sweden, Luleå 20-22 March: CSW Arctic // Europe 2018
2:50pm Presentation by Chiara Certomà: “Much Ado About Nothing? Crowdsourcing for Public Governance in the European R&I Context”
Crowdsourcing processes can impact on governance model by restructuring governance models and fuelling the integration of environmental, social and economic priorities in the city. I’m interested in understanding when and how it is adopted in Europe, and whether crowdsourcing fits with the European Commission social innovation and participatory governance strategy. The results presented show how crowdsourcing for public governance is understood in scientific research and research-led projects supported by EC; and how it is actually adopted in local, non research-led projects (supported by networks of cities, local institutions, private associations or CSOs) in Europe. Eventually, I discuss whether, and under what conditions, crowdsourcing can foster virtuous processes of urban sustainability governance via participation social innovation practice.
4:51pm Panel discussion “The New Network Economy – Impact Investment for a Sustainable Society”
Moderator: Kaj Embrén, CEO, CSW Europe
Panelists: Niklas Nordström, Mayor of City of Luleå, Xavier Damman, Founder, OpenCollective, Anna Chojnacka, Founder, GoodUP, Thomas Hörnfeldt, Vice President Sustainability & Public Affairs, SSAB – Swedish Steel Industry, Chiara Certoma, MSCA Researcher, Ghent University and Director of IRTA Leonardo
Feb 2nd 2018, 9am-18am, KU Leuven, Campus Gasthuisberg O&N 2, Herestraat 49, 3001 Leuven
Dec 11th 2017, 10am -4pm, Legambiente Nazionale, via Salaria 403
National Workshop “The challenge of green society. Participation, solidarity, volunteering, welfare, community, new enterprises, beauty, innovation, culture, rights”
(in italian) Seminario nazionale “Le sfide della green society. Partecipazione, solidarietà, volontariato, welfare, comunità, nuova impresa, bellezza, innovazione, cultura, diritti: le parole del cambiamento”
Esiste la green society? In questi anni stiamo assistendo ad una crescita progressiva di tutti gli indicatori economici e sociali che attestano scelte ecosostenibili da parte dei cittadini e, in misura diversa, delle imprese. Ma si può parlare di un tessuto sociale coeso e di qualità, di relazioni comunitarie, di un orizzonte di valori e comportamenti che determinano innovazione sociale verso l’ecosostenibilità? Sapendo che ci troviamo di fronte ad esperienze al confine documentate nel volume Alla scoperta della green society tra aspetti ambientali e aspetti sociali, immerse nei territori, spesso carsiche, di dimensioni ridotte e disperse, cioè non coordinate da qualcosa o da qualcuno, eppure in tutte queste storie si rilancia, in modo forte e radicale, il senso della koinè.
Nov 17th 2017, MSCA Facebook page
CROWD_USG presented by fellow of the week Chiara Certomà, find out more below:
Oct 10th 2017, Lund University, Biskopsgatan 5, Lund
Papers presentation and Session organisation at Lund Conference on Earth System Governance
Earth System Governance is the largest social science research network in the area of governance and global environmental change. The Earth System Governance research alliance takes up the challenge of exploring political solutions and novel, more effective governance mechanisms to cope with the current transitions in the biogeochemical systems of the planet. The normative context of this research is sustainable development; earth system governance is not only a question of institutional effectiveness, but also of political legitimacy and social justice.
- 11.00-12.30 Chiara Certomà and Federico Martellozzo present the “Cultivating justice? A critical analysis of the correlation between Political Gardening and Spatial Injustice in Rome” in the conference session Science and activism-Civil Society (check the Book of Abstracts for a complete abstract)
- 13.20-15.00 Jeroen van der Heijden, Harriet Bulkeley and Chiara Certomà organise and chair the session Urban Governance harvesting book project “The Politics of Urban Climate Futures: Increasing Agency and Contested Empowerment”. This initiative will lead forward an edited volume of accessible chapters that bring together earth system governance scholarship on urban climate governance. It is now evident that urban responses to climate change involve a diverse range of actors as well as forms of agency that cross traditional boundaries, and which have diverse consequences for (dis)empowering different social groups and effects for questions of justice. Friction between novel forms of agency, new agents of change and (dis)empowerment is a missing focus in existing scholarship. This edited book addresses this knowledge gap, and raises important issues for how we understand urban climate responses. Questions that will be addressed are: What novel agents have emerged in urban climate governance since the early 1990s, and in what ways do they act? How is authority given to or taken by them, and how do they exercise agency? Who gains and who loses from a growing number of agents in urban climate governance? To what extent and how does including novel agents in urban climate governance empower them? Whether and how can (dis)empowerment in urban climate governance be studied, made visible, and challenged? The general outline of the book and the book chapters will be discussed at the 2017 Lund Conference in two sessions. These are open to all conference participants. This initiative is led by Jeroen van der Heijden (Australian National University, and Lead Author of the New Directions in Earth System Governance), Harriet Bulkeley (Durham University, Earth System Governance Lead Faculty), and Chiara Certomà (Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, Earth System Governance Research Fellow). Amongst the others, Fracois Mancebo and Chiara Certomà present the paper “Planning Urban Futures: Addressing the Sustainability-Justice Nexus in the Light of Urban Agriculture.”
September 29th, 9-11 pm, Sant’Anna School of Advanced Studies, Aula 3, Pz. Martiri della Libertà 33, Pisa
“Vuoi una città più verde? Clicca mi piace e condividi!”. Sostenibilità e partecipazione nel web interattivo
Speaker: Chiara Certomà
Interactive workshop and visual exploration of forefront experiments in web-based citizens’ participation toward greater democracy and sustainability in European cities.
The workshop is organized in the context of the EU Bright Night of Researchers 2017 in collaboration with the Center for Sustainable Development – CDO, Ghent University and the Scuola Sant’Anna – Istituto Dirpolis and Istituto di Management.
Aug 31st 2017, 4:50 – 6:30 pm, Royal Geographical Society, Lowther Room, London
Making Injustice visible: cross-disciplinary representational techniques and processes of Spatial & Environmental Injustice and Environmental Conflicts
Session at RGS-IBG Annual International Conference 2017
Organisation and Chairing: Chiara Certomà and Federico Martellozzo
The section is aimed at improving the theoretical and methodological background to investigate spatial justice via a cross-disciplinary research; in particular we focus on the spatio-temporal distribution of socio-environmental conflicts, on the mix of qualitative and quantitative methods that can proficiently support environmental justice definition/recognition, and on the linkages with policy oriented research.
Since the early ‘70s the debate on spatial justice attracted a broad scholarly interest by showing how the circumstances in which different social groups live play a major role in determining their wealth, opportunity, health outcomes, educational attainment and virtually influence all aspects of life’s quality (Harvey, 1973; 1996; Lefebvre, 1991; Soja, 1989, 2010). The unequal distribution of reseources and possibilities overlaps the unequal economic and social power distribution occurring through the social body (I.M. Young 1990; Haughton, 1999). More recently, social research established that, amongst other burdens, environmental problems are not randomly distributed in space and they do affect some people more than others. The link between spatial justice and environmental issues (Homer Dixon, 1994; Agyeman 2005; Dryzek 1987) engaged scholars’ debate and fueled the disputes regarding its etiology, consequences and controversies. As Agyeman points out (2005), environmental justice has not only to be interpreted from a negative perspective but should also be seen as a proactive tool for accessing and distributing the environmental benefits necessary for sustainable societies with a high quality of life.
In order for this to happen, activists, research bodies and the academia shall attempt at providing an accurate, detailed and punctual representation of spatial&environmental injustice (e.g. http://www.politicalecology.eu/) and the related conflicts (e.g. http://www.ejolt.org/).
Nevertheless the fuzziness of theoretical definition, together with its breadth (spamming across a vast number of disciplinary fields) made it difficult to fully appreciate the multilayered and cross-scalar consequences of spatial injustice, most notably the socio-environmental conflicts. The narrative and the representation of spatial&environmental injustices and subsequent conflicts through geographic, qualitative and quantitative data (which can prove to be reliable, scientifically accurate and complete) is of capital importance for a full consideration in both academic debate, and in decision support system and policy-making processes.
- Injustice for whom? Spatial justices and the idea of development – Jukka Keski-Filppula (University of Oulu, Finland)
- Negotiating “Creata” between the imperial space time and vulnerable places –Eija Merilainen (Hanken School of Economics, Finland)
- Environmental conflicts in the new Chilean forest landscape: a political ecology approach – Enrique Aliste (Universidad de Chile, Chile)
- Can the globally emerging movement of political gardening work as a correction mechanism for spatial injustice in the city? Chiara Certomà (Centre for Sustainable Development, Ghent University, Belgium), Federico Martellozzo (University of Rome, Italy)
June 15th, 2.30 pm, CDO, Seminar Room, Poel 16, 9000, Ghent
CROWD_USG. Crowdsourcing urban sustainability governance. Open initial seminar
Speaker: Chiara Certomà
CROWD_USG is a Marie Skłodowska-Curie research project exploring how ICT-people interactions are transforming the governance of urban sustainability. Cities are increasingly depicted as the appropriate loci for tackling with a number of interrelated and complex issues – ranging from protecting the environment, to incubating innovation and granting social justice. The socio-technological networks, which progressively emerged for addressing the related tasks, are now significantly changing the traditional forms of urban governance. In these contexts, technologies are often presented as both facilitators and drivers of changes. Nevertheless, the assumption that broadening technological access will lead to people’s empowerment and make participation effective is questionable. CROWD_USG project investigates under what conditions crowdsourcing (i.e. any open call format toward collective solution seeking by a large network of users) can actually turn governance processes into open and shared opportunities for advancing socio-environmental sustainability in the city. This seminar presents the background, motivations, scope and expected results of the project, by exploring current scientific production and forefront applications of participatory ICTs toward urban sustainability. Theoretical and methodological approach are open for discussion with colleagues, in reference to the case of Ghent.
Jun 8th 2017, Scuola di Lettere Filosofia Lingue, Università Roma Tre, Via Ostiense 234-236, Roma
Giustizia spaziale, conflitti ambientali e loro rappresentazione
Session at XXXII Congresso Geografico Italiano
Organisation and Chairing: Chiara Certomà and Federico Martellozzo
La sessione si concentra sull’analisi del contesto teorico e metodologico per l’analisi della teoria della giustizia spaziale; in particolare vuole offrire un momento di riflessione condivisa sulla distribuzione spazio-temporale dei conflitti socio-ecologici, e sulle metodologie quali-quantitative che possono essere utilizzate per la definizione e l’osservazione di fenomeni di ingiustizia spaziale e con la ricerca sulle politiche volte alla loro risoluzione.
News and press releases
(7-9/02/2018) Chiara Certomà is respondent at the U&U – 9th edition of the PhD Seminar in Urbanism & Urbanization, Gent University, Department of Architecture & Urban Planning
Visual impressions of the event available here U&U-PhD Seminar
(17/11/2017) CROWD_USG is the project of the week on Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions facebook page
(10/11/2017) Sharing tought on transdiciplinarity, mobility and diversity in research at “Celebrating Marie Curie’s Birthday in Rome” event by MCAA
(25/10/2017) CROWD_USG special guest at Gert Pauwels’ presentation “Voordracgt: Hoe SMART zijn we in Gent?” hosted by Digitale Week in Gent
(6/9/2017) Chiara Certomà joined the COST Action CA15212 Citizen Science
(15/6/2017); CROWD_USG included in “De Commons in Gent” mapping project; Posted on gentCommonsWiki
(25/5/2017); CROWD_USG entered the Digital Social Innovation network; Posted on Digital Social Innovation.
(26/03/2017) Are Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) Driving Transformation of Landscapes and Taking Shape in Local Governance Structures? Sant’Anna Dirpolis and Management Institute Researcher Receives EU Funding; Posted on Sant’Anna Magazine.